Abuse is defined as any action that intentionally harms or injures a person. It also encompasses inappropriate use of any substance, especially those that alter consciousness (e.g. alcohol, cocaine, methamphetamines). Abuse can take many forms, including emotional, physical or sexual. Therapy can help you address how an experience of abuse has impacted you and can support you to work through your feelings so you feel better about yourself.
Sexual abuse is any form of sexual violence, including rape, child molestation, incest, and similar forms of non-consensual sexual contact. Some people blame themselves and do not report the abuse. Childhood abuse is not always addressed until sexual problems emerge in adulthood. Therapy can help you to find ways of coping with your experience of sexual abuse – this includes incidents which have happened recently or a long time ago.
Bullying can occur in many forms and situations. Types of bullying include physical bullying, verbal bullying, social bullying, psychological bullying, cyber bullying (via social media), and text bullying (via text messages). All types of bullying have a negative mental health impact on victims, witnesses, and perpetrators. Therapy can support you to heal from the experience of bullying.
Self-harm is when a person hurts themselves on purpose, usually as a sign of emotional distress. In many cases, self-harm triggers include psychological pain from past trauma and it can be an attempt to cope with painful and difficult feelings. Self-harming behaviors can be associated with borderline personality disorder, depression, eating disorders, anxiety, or post traumatic stress disorder.